If you are not aware of these little gems, you should take some time to check them out. Andrew has added them to the online PD resources section of the dashboard. (Thank You Again Mr. Smith!) They take each core standard and break it down. These guides have the subskills the standard expects you to teach, the prerequisite skills that are helpful for the students to have in place to be successful with the standard, and some of them have example problems of what they are looking for students to be able to do. We use Engage New York as a curriculum; it truly is an awesome and well rounded curriculum with best maths practices woven into it. However, a deep understanding of the actual Common Core Math Standards is your most valuable resource as you are teaching or running interventions with students. Check them out. You might like them.
USBE Core Guides are worth a look.